.
Civil society and citizen participation processes
Environmental and energy sustainability
Education and social development
Urban, regional and transport development
Technology and production policies
Participatory Management of Organizations
Participatory Internet
 
Civil society and citizen participation processes

A-1      Micro-finance Network: Participatory formulation of a vision for development, and organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet, for the Network for the Development of Micro-finance in Chile. Members: NGOs, cooperatives, government agencies and banks. Santiago, 2001.

A-2      Strengthening NGOs in Chile: Participatory study about the sustainability of NGOs and their potential for development and strengthening of civil society in Chile. It was funded by the Ford Foundation and supported by the Chilean NGO Association, Acción, Santiago, 1999-2000.

A-3      NGO networks for older people (Latin America): Organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet for Tiempos Network and the Chilean Network of Programs for Older People, Santiago, 1999.

A-4      NGOs and social policy: Participatory assessment of social policies and social innovation in Chile. It involved NGOs and government agencies, and found a situation of  “suffocation” of social innovation in Chile. It was sponsored by Andes Foundation (Chile) and supported by IDRC (Canada) and the Solidarity and Social Investment Fund (FOSIS), Santiago, 1998-99.

A-5      Atmospheric decontamination of Santiago: Participatory process “Santiago cleans Santiago’s Air”. It involved: (a) Participatory formulation of a vision of development and diagnostic study; (b) participatory identification of 260 decontamination instruments to be incorporated in the coming decontamination plans; (c) participatory follow-up and citizen evaluation of the first Plan; and (d) participatory updating of the first Plan. Sponsored by the National Environmental Commission (CONAMA) and Santiago’s Regional Government; Santiago, 1994-1999.

A-6      Traffic safety policy: Participatory formulation and implementation of the National Policy for Traffic Safety. It involved: (a) Joint formulation of the Policy by eight Ministries and the national police (Carabineros), with citizen validation; (b) Creation of the National Commission for Traffic Safety (CONASET); (c) Participatory identification of potentialities for improving traffic safety in Chile; (d) Participatory design of some projects for implementation of the Policy; and (e) Participatory design of educational methodologies and tools, jointly with researchers from Catholic University of Chile. This process was sponsored by the Ministry of Transport and Telecommunications and the National Commission for Traffic Safety, CONASET, 1993-1997.

A-7      Regional development: Participatory process “Magallanes creates its Future”; it mobilized all significant actors of the Region (NGO, public, private, academic, etc.), to formulate a shared vision of future for the Region and to identify the projects that would bring it about. Conveners: Regional Government of Magallanes, National Confederation of Production and Commerce, National Oil Company, Foundation for the Development of Magallanes (an NGO) and Industrial Development Corporation CORFO; Punta Arenas, 1993-1994.

A-8      NGO cooperation for sustainable development: Participatory design of an NGO co-operation system for sustainable development. Sponsored by the Center for Alternative Technologies in Latin America, CETAL. Valparaiso, 1992.

A-9      Citizen’s environmental conference: Participatory organization, as Executive Secretary, of the first large-scale, environment-related event in Chile, the First Scientific Conference on the Chilean Environment (La Serena, 1983; similar conferences followed every three years thereafter). Center for Environmental Research and Planning, CIPMA, Santiago, 1981-1983.

 

Environmental and energy sustainability

B-1      Clean production: (a) Participatory updating of the National Policy for Clean Production, Santiago, January 2001; (b) Organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet for the National Clean Production Network. Sponsored by the Public – Private Committee for Clean Production and Santiago’s Chamber of Commerce. Santiago, 2001.

B-2      Energy efficiency: Critical review of draft report on industrial energy efficiency indicators. Commissioned by the National Energy Commission, Santiago, 2001.

B-3      Environmental management system: Participatory design and implementation of a plan and a management system for environmental improvement in a copper smelter and refinery. It involved vision of development, identification and prioritization of projects, and designing and implementing the management system up to ISO 14,000 standards, at the Ventanas Copper Smelter and Refinery, Valparaíso. Sponsored by National Mining Company, ENAMI, and Chilean Copper Commission. Santiago and Ventanas, 1996-1997. An ex-post evaluation in 2001 showed very high implementation effectiveness at a very low cost.

B-4      Atmospheric decontamination of Santiago [1994-1999, see A-5].

B-5      Atmospheric pollution and health (Mexico): Support mission to the formulation of a research program in this field for Mexico City. Sponsored by “Ecosystem Approaches to human Health Initiative” of IDRC (Canada). Mexico City, 1998.

B-6      Energy efficiency (Latin America): Design and presentation of an energy efficiency strategy for Latin America. Commissioned by the Latin American and Caribbean Forum of the World Energy Council. Caracas, 1998.

B-7      NGO cooperation for sustainable development [1992, see A-8].

B-8      Energy strategy (Latin America): Contribution to the formulation of the “Latin American Energy Strategy for the 1990’s”; Latin American Energy Organization, OLADE, Quito, 1990.

B-9      Energy congress: Organization of the First National Energy Congress – Chile, sponsored by the World Energy Council and the Academy of Sciences. Energy Research Program, PRIEN, University of Chile, Santiago, 1989-1990.

B-10    Energy in housing: Methodology for two studies of potentialities for thermal retrofitting of the housing stocks of Santiago and Punta Arenas. Energy Research Program, PRIEN, University of Chile, Santiago, 1986-1988.

B-11    Principles for environmental policy: Participatory formulation of the “Principles for an Environmental Policy” of the Chilean scientific community. Environmental Sciences Committee of the National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research, CONICYT. Santiago, 1985-88.

B-12    Environment-related communication: Design and management of participatory bulletin “Gazette of the Environment Researchers”; this participatory medium expanded by itself throughout Chile and Latin America with no promotion. Center for Environmental Research and Planning, CIPMA, Santiago, 1983-1985.

B-13    Citizen’s environmental conference [1981-1983, see A-9].

B-14    Rural energy: Design and conduction of the first studies on rural energy in Chile. Sponsored by European Communities, IDRC (Canada), SAREC (Sweden), United Nations University and UNICEF. Energy Research Program, PRIEN, University of Chile, and Center for Environmental Research and Planning, CIPMA. Santiago and Coquimbo region, 1982‑1987.

B-15    Methodologies in energy policy: (a) Criticism of current energy planning approaches in developing countries, at UNDP, New York University and University of Pennsylvania, 1976‑1979; (b) Identification of “new problems” and distinction between sectoral and systemic approaches at UNDP, OLADE and UN-ECLA, 1979‑1981; (c) Founding of the Energy research Program, PRIEN, at University of Chile, to do research into these questions, Santiago, 1982-1984; (d) Initial development and academic discussion of the “innovative” model on the basis of conceptual work and case studies (national system of Costa Rica, rural, transport and urban-marginal), PRIEN, University of Chile, 1982-1986; (e) Deepening and applications to other energy systems, PRIEN, University of Chile, 1986-1989.

B-16    Rural energy planning: Methodology for participatory planning in rural energy. Sponsored by FAO, Rome. PRIEN, University of Chile, Santiago, 1988.

B-17    Approaches to energy planning: Organization of seminar “Approaches to Third‑World energy planning”, sponsored by IDRC (Canada) and the Commission of the European Communities. PRIEN, University of Chile, Santiago, 1986.

  

Education and social development

C-1       Micro-finance Network [2001, see A-1].

C-2       Educational quality networks (Colombia): Organization of two Participatory Workspaces (PWS) in Internet for two networks for improving educational quality in Bogotá: the “Evaluation Network” and the “Action Network for Excellence”; the latter involves a methodology for systematic sharing of successful experiences. Sponsored by the Education Secretariat of Bogotá’s District, Colombia, 2000-2001.

C-3       Social policy research: Organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet for a social policy research network at Alberto Hurtado University, Santiago, 2000.

C-4       NGO networks for older people (Latin America) [1999, see A-3].

C-5       NGOs and social policy [1998-99, see A-4].

C-6       Housing policy (Bolivia): Participatory formulation of bases for a National Housing Policy in Bolivia. Conveners: Ministry of Human Development, Ministry of the Presidency, Association of Municipal Mayors, National Chamber of Industry, Bolivian Chamber of Construction, UN Habitat Project, UN Economic Commission for Latin America. La Paz, 1995.

C-7       Technological education: Design of teaching modules on the socio-cultural impacts of (a) the automotive transport technology and (b) the television technology (with Esther Findling) for UNESCO’s program “Technological education in the context of general education”. Santiago, 1987‑ 1988.

 

Urban, regional and transport development

D-1       Urban management (Latin America): Organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet for project “Urban Management and Sustainable Development”. Sponsored by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and Cooperazione Italiana, Santiago, 2001-2002.

D-2       Inter-urban transport: Participatory process to specify a vision of development for the inter-urban transport system of Chile. Convener: the Minister of Public Works, Transport and Telecommunications. Santiago, 2001.

D-3       Ministerial Decentralization: Participatory process to specify a vision of development for decentralization, and to identify the instruments that would bring it about. Ministry of Public Works, Santiago, 1995-97.

D-4       Traffic safety policy [1993-1997, see A-6].

D-5       Reconversion of human settlements (a): Participatory study of potential for reconverting Saladillo mining camp into a mountain resort villa. Copper Corporation of Chile, CODELCO, Andina Division. Saladillo and Santiago, 1994-1996.

D-6       Regional development [1993-1994, see A-7].

D-7       Reconversion of human settlements (b): Participatory design process “Cerro Sombrero: From camp to own life”; its implementation reconverted this petroleum camp, in Fire Land Island, into a full-fledged town. Conveners: National Oil Company (ENAP), Magallanes regional planning secretariat and the local Municipality. Executed by ENAP. Punta Arenas and Cerro Sombrero, 1993.

D-8       Urban transport: Technical, institutional and cultural characterization of the lack of control of Santiago’s bus system, and formulation of strategic bases for improvement. A study sponsored by the Ministry of Transport and Telecommunications and carried out jointly with CIS Consultants. Santiago, 1989-90.

D-9       Metropolitan government: Study of the need to establish a metropolitan government in Santiago, as a requirement for governance and quality of life. Funded by SAREC (Sweden). Institute of Urban Studies, Catholic University of Chile, Santiago, 1988-89.

D-10   Regional energy development (Ecuador): General methodology for project “Energy Geography of Ecuador”; Organization of American States, Cuenca,  1985-1987.

 

Technology and production policies 

E-1       Small agriculture: Organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet for the exchange of knowledge for the family peasant agriculture. Sponsored by the Agricultural Development Institute, INDAP. Santiago, 2001-2002.

E-2       Bio-technology development: Participatory process to specify a vision of development for the creation of the “Bio-technology development system of the Bio-Bio Region”. Sponsored by the Technological Innovation Fund of the Bio-Bio Region and University of Concepción. Concepción, 2001

E-3       Small and medium mining: Participatory process to specify a vision of development for a sustainable and competitive small mining sector in the Atacama Region. Sponsored by the National Mining Company, ENAMI. Copiapó and Santiago, 1999.

E-4       Agricultural health: Participatory process to specify a vision of development for a sustainable and competitive agriculture in Chile. Sponsored by the Ministry of Agriculture, the National Agriculture Society, the Agriculture and Livestock Service SAG, and the Inter-American Institute for Agricultural Cooperation, IICA, Santiago, 1997.

E-5       Industrial property: Participatory process to specify a vision of development for the intellectual property system of Chile, and institutional design for the Industrial Property Institute. Sponsored by the Ministry of Economics, Santiago, 1995.

E-6       Small and medium enterprise: Bases for the treatment of the strategic dimension of the new, decentralized model for productive promotion. Sponsored by the Industrial Promotion Corporation, CORFO. Santiago, 1995.

E-7       Mining bio-technology: Coordination of the formulation and institutional design of project “Bacterial leaching in copper production”. This project involved basic, applied and technological research, and several disciplines, with the participation of universities, research centers and enterprises; it obtained international funding and excellent evaluations. Faculty of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, University of Chile, 1982-1983.

 

Participatory Management of Organizations 

F-1       Knowledge exchange: Organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet for exchanging knowledge in a business area of a large service enterprise. Chilean Safety Association, Santiago, 2001-2002.

F-2       Environmental management system: [1996-1997, ex-post evaluation in 2001; see B-3].

F-3       Institutional innovation process: Participatory identification of potentialities for innovation at a government agency. Superintendence of Electricity and Fuels, Santiago, 1997-1998.

F-4       Strategic planning (a): Participatory process to specify a vision of development for a business area of a large service enterprise. Chilean Safety Association, Santiago, 1997.

F-5       Strategic planning (b): Consulting support in planning to a gas company. GASCO Concepción, Santiago, 1996-1997.

F-6       Innovation missions: Participatory design of young engineers’ missions to foreign countries, for their commissioning companies. Program “Discovering Chile in the World”, College of Engineers of Chile. Santiago, 1994-1995.

F-7       Corporate innovation policy: Participatory formulation and implementation of a corporate innovation policy in a petroleum company. It involved research into previous experiences, specification of visions of development, project identification and design workshops, and definition of special procedures and incentives; National Oil Company, ENAP, Magallanes. Punta Arenas, 1991-1993.

 

Participatory Internet 

Most applications that follow consisted in organizing Participatory Workspaces (PWS). The PWS is an Internet-based organization tool, developed by the author and derived from the ID Model, for strengthening communities and networks, and facilitating their work. These PWSs were already listed above, in the sections corresponding to their specific fields. 

G-1      Urban management (Latin America): Organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet for project “Urban Management and Sustainable Development”. Sponsored by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and Cooperazione Italiana, Santiago, 2001-2002.

G-2      Knowledge exchange: Organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet for exchanging knowledge in a business area of a large service enterprise. Chilean Safety Association, Santiago, 2001-2002.

G-3      Small agriculture: Organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet for the exchange of knowledge for the family peasant agriculture. Sponsored by the Agricultural Development Institute, INDAP. Santiago, 2001-2002.

G-4      Clean production: Organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet for the National Clean Production Network. Sponsored by the Public – Private Committee for Clean Production and Santiago’s Chamber of Commerce. Santiago, 2001.

G-5      Micro-finance Network: Organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet, for the Network for the Development of Micro-finance in Chile. Members: NGOs, cooperatives, government agencies and banks. Santiago, 2001.

G-6      Educational quality networks (Colombia): Organization of two Participatory Workspaces (PWS) in Internet for two networks for improving educational quality in Bogotá: the “Evaluation Network” and the “Action Network for Excellence”; the latter involves a methodology for systematic sharing of successful experiences. Sponsored by the Education Secretariat of Bogotá’s District, Colombia, 2000-2001.

G-7      GDNet Advisory Committee: Member of the Advisory Committee for the development of the Global Development Network’s web strategy; World Bank, 1999-2000.

G-8      Social policy research: Organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet for a social policy research network at Alberto Hurtado University, Santiago, 2000.

G-9      NGO networks for older people (Latin America): Organization of a Participatory Workspace (PWS) in Internet for Tiempos Network and the Chilean Network of Programs for Older People, Santiago, 1999.

 

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